Fatehpur Sikri in Rajasthan
Fatehpur Sikri in Rajasthan is located 40 km west of Agra and an excellent daytrip (unless you want to continue to Jaipur) from Agra.
The city took 15 years building by Mughal emperor Akbar. The building started in 1570 and served as the empire's capital from 1571 until 1585. It was abandoned 14 years later because the water supply was not sufficient to sustain the population. There is much to be visited, including a palace, a mosque and many other monuments.
The site became a UNESCO World Heritage Site but apart of a little village nearby it's basically a ghost town. The people in the little village mainly live on the tourist industry.
There's a lot of buildings preserved (and restored) in Fatehpur Sikri.
Some of the important buildings in this city, both religious and secular are:
Getting there and staying
Fatepuh Sikri is 40 km west of Agra. My advice is to stay here a night before continuing to Jaipur (190km). You might want to go via Karauli. Here is a spectacular city palace to be visited. Karauli is still 160 km from Jaipur but you can have a stop in Gangapur (80km) with some nice temples and the Gangapur dam.
Just as I said, a ghost town, and even as we speak, most of the city is still a ghost town as most of the tourist visiting the site, only spend a short time in the ruined city. It is however worth to explore the backstreets and have a look outside the city walls:
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and a little Taj Mahal Magic
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